Cow’s Milk or buffalo’s milk? Confused? Hmmmm…
There are many negatives and positives of both the types of milk. In Layman’s terms cow’s milk is understood to be very lighter and buffalo milk is considered to be heavy for digestion.
Apart from this not much information is known. But at the same time, milk is a very important part of the diet. There are good number of Indians who have more than half a litre of dairy in thier diet
Now what’s behind being heavy and light? What is really making the difference in the quality of milk? When a baby is born and top feeding of milk has to be started we usually hear our elders saying that cow milk is good for baby’s digestion and it’s also lighter for the baby.
Fat content: First line of difference is the fat present in both the milk. It makes the consistency of milk differ. Cow’s milk has low % of fat in it hence it is of thin consistence and thereby called to be lighter by a layman.
Buffalo’s milk is high in fat % and is thicker than cow’s milk and hence called heavy. As we know that a fatty food takes time for digestion and absorption and it stays in the stomach for a longer time giving us a feeling of heavy stomach or stomach fullness similarly buffalo milk has high fat and hence it takes time for digestion.
So cow’s milk is recommended over buffalo’s milk especially for infants and elders.
Due to high peroxidase activity, buffalo milk can be preserved naturally for a longer period. Buffalo milk contains more calcium, better calcium: phosphorous ratio and less sodium and potassium than in cow milk which makes it a better nutritional supplement for infants.
Protein content: Proteins present in buffalo milk is higher than that of cow’s milk by approximately 11%. Buffalo milk protein is more heat resistant. Same like fats even proteins are difficult to digest for infants and older population. So even here the choice of milk is cow’s milk.
Calorie Content: 100ml of cow’s milk contains 70Kcals whereas 100ml of buffalo’s milk contains 100Kacls. It is obvious that buffalo milk has more fat and proteins so it will have more calories. So people who are on calorie restricted diet are again here advised to have cow’s milk to cut down the calorie consumption in the diet.
Water content: Cow’s milk contains less milk solids as compared to buffalo’s milk. Because of high non solid % cow’s milk is sometimes denoted as watery milk. It helps in hydrating the body. Approximately 90% of milk is water.
Composition of milk.
Nutrient Cow Buffalo Human
Water, g 88.0 84.0 87.5
Energy, kcal 61.0 97.0 70.0
Protein, g 3.2 3.7 1.0
Fat, g 3.4 6.9 4.4
Lactose, g 4.7 5.2 6.9
Minerals, g 0.72 0.79 0.20
If you look at the above composition of cow’s and buffalo’s milk, the values are close to each other, except for fat. In usual Indian practise, if we use full fat milk that is our cow’s milk then we generally use it the next day. So we boil today, remove the cream tomorrow and then use it. So we can expect that we have removed quite a good amount of fat from our milk. So this makes your milk low in fat. So depending your requirement of body you can make choices of milk.
Your pasteurized milk will always have composition of milk. So before buying any milk, try to read the composition. Compare it between the available options you have and then make choice. And lastly I would recommend that you try to choose milk which is locally available and do not choose milk which you have to hunt every time.
Milk is hence a very healthy food unless it’s not adulterated. It is very important to check the quality of milk before purchasing. Adulteration is done with water, starch, white colour, shampoo etc. So everyone please purchase milk in packaged form or from a reputed dairy. These days animals are injected with artificial hormones which in passed in milk as well. So overall restrict your dairy consumption upto 400ml per day.
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